The first file we will look at is Dockerfile. Enter the shellhttpd folder and move Dockerfile from shellhttpd.disabled to shellhttpd:

cd shellhttpd
mv ../shellhttpd.disabled/Dockerfile .

This file contains all the commands a user would call on the command line to assemble a container image.

A Dockerfile starts from a base image. This base could be a distro such as Alpine or Ubuntu, or it could be setup for a specific application, such as Python or Nginx.

Think of the Dockerfile as your way of customizing the base image.


For more information, see the Dockerfile Reference

Check the content of your Dockerfile:

cat Dockerfile


FROM alpine
COPY /usr/local/bin/
CMD ["/usr/local/bin/"]

This Dockerfile is short and simple to help get started.

The first line creates a layer from the latest Alpine Docker image. The final Docker image will contain all the files provided by this base, plus your additions.

Your first customization is on the second line. COPY adds files from your Docker client’s current directory to your Docker image. In this case, the shell script is copied to /usr/local/bin/ of your Docker image.

Last is CMD, which can provide arguments for the ENTRYPOINT. However no ENTRYPOINT is specified in this example as the default entrypoint, /bin/sh -c, is enough. By passing /usr/local/bin/ as CMD, the image will execute /bin/sh -c  /usr/local/bin/ when running the container.