The first file you will use is the Dockerfile. Enter the shellhttpd folder and move the Dockerfile from shellhttpd.disabled to shellhttpd:

cd shellhttpd
mv ../shellhttpd.disabled/Dockerfile .

The Dockerfile contains all the commands a user would call on the command line to assemble a container image.

A Dockerfile usually starts from a base image. The base image could be a distribution such as Alpine, Debian, or Ubuntu or it could be a distribution already prepared for a specific application like Python, NGINX.

Think of the Dockerfile as your way of customizing the base image.


For more information, see the Dockerfile Reference

Check the content of your Dockerfile:

cat Dockerfile


FROM alpine
COPY /usr/local/bin/
CMD ["/usr/local/bin/"]

This Dockerfile is very simple and a great way to get started.

The first line creates a layer from the latest Alpine Docker image. This means that your final image contains all the files provided by this image plus your additions.

Your first customization is in the second line. COPY adds files from your Docker client’s current directory to your Docker image. In this case, you will copy the shell script to the /usr/local/bin/ directory of your Docker image.

Last but not least there is CMD, these are arguments for the ENTRYPOINT. In this example, there is no ENTRYPOINT specified because the default entrypoint is enough.

The default entrypoint is /bin/sh -c and by passing /usr/local/bin/ as CMD you are configuring the image to execute the command line: /bin/sh -c  /usr/local/bin/ when you run the container.